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F1- calls "help» Windows box or using an active program. In Microsoft Word, the keyboard shortcut Shift + F1 shows text formatting;
F2- renames the selected object on the desktop or in Windows Explorer;
F3- opens the file search window or a folder on the desktop and in Windows Explorer. The key combination Shift + F3 is often used for reverse search;
F4-opens the drop-down list, for example, a list of the row address in the 'My Computer "or Windows Explorer. Shortcut keys Alt + F4 in Windows used to close the application, and Ctrl + F4- to close the document or the program (eg, tabs) ;
F5- refreshes the active window open web pages, desktop, explorer, and so on. In Microsoft PowerPoint F5 starts a slideshow display first, and the key combination Shift + F5- with the current slide;
F6- switching between the screen elements in a window or
on the desktop. In Windows Explorer and Internet Explorer - the movement between the main part
window and the address bar;
F7- checks spelling (in Word, Excel);
F8- when booting the operating system selects a download mode.
In Word editor includes an extended text selection.
Isolation of a fragment from the initial to the final position of the cursor takes place without holding the Shift key.
Pressing the F8 key selects word nearest to the cursor.
Third-containing his proposal.
The fourth is a paragraph. Pyatoe- document.
Remove the last selection by pressing the shortcut keys Shift + F8.
Off mode can be Esc key;
F9-- some programs update the selected fields;
F10- activates the full menu, and the key combination Shift + F10 to activate the context menu;
F11- translates the window to full screen mode and back, for example, in Internet Explorer;
F12- move to the parameter file saving
(File - Save As).
In the standard PC / AT keyboard alpha-numeric keypad consists of 47 keys and includes keys for entering letters, numbers, punctuation marks, arithmetic operations, and special characters. The result of the action of these keys depends on the register (lower - upper) in which the pressing these keys.
Control keys Shift, Ctrl, Caps Lock, Alt and AltGr (right Alt) is also called klavishami- modifiers, as they are
to change other key actions.
The Shift (read "Shift") - uppercase key (non-fixed switching). Used in conjunction with other keys, such as keys alpha-numeric keypad for dialing caps and uppercase characters.
In addition, Shift key is used as a modifier in fast keyboard shortcuts and mouse clicks. For example, in the browser to open a link in a separate window, you need to click on the mouse button link
hold down the Shift key.
Ctrl (read "control") - is used in combination with other keys, such as:
Ctrl + A- in Windows selects all text in the window;
Ctrl + B- in MS Word switches the font to "bold-normal";
Ctrl + C programs with WinAPI copy text to the clipboard, and console applications - completes the team;
Ctrl + F- calls for dialogue in many programs;
Ctrl + I- in MS Word font switches to "Italic-Normal";
Ctrl + N- in a multi-window interface program opens a new empty window;
Ctrl + O- many programs brings up a dialog to open an existing file;
Ctrl + P- many programs sends the text to a printer or print dialog challenge;
Ctrl + Q- some programs out of it;
Ctrl + R- browsers updates the contents of the window;
Ctrl + S- many programs Maintains the current file
or causes a save dialog;
Ctrl + T- browsers open a new tab;
Ctrl + U- in MS Word switches underscore text;
Ctrl + V- programs with WinAPI inserts the contents of the clipboard;
Ctrl + W- closes the current window in some programs;
Ctrl + Z- cancels the last action in many programs;
Ctrl + F5- updates the content in the browser;
Ctrl + Home- programs with a text field makes the transition to the beginning of the edited document;
Ctrl + End- in the text box program makes the transition to the end of the edited document;
Ctrl + - to Total Commander makes the transition to the root directory of the disc.
Alt (read "Alto") - is used in conjunction with other keys by modifying their action. For example:
Alt + F4- all programs closes them;
Alt + F7- causes the search dialog in some programs;
Alt + F10- some file managers is the directory tree;
Alt + Tab- in Windows makes the transition to the next window of the running;
Alt + bukva- in some programs, a menu command, or opens a menu column.
In addition, the keyboard shortcut Alt + Shift or Ctrl + Shift is usually used to switch the keyboard layout.
Capslock (read "Kapslok") - go to the uppercase mode (fixed switching). Pressing the key cancels this mode. It is used when typing in capital letters.
Management Esc key (pronounced "Escape"), is used to cancel the current operation or the last modification, folding applications, go to the previous menu or screen, or deselect, located in the left corner of the keyboard next to the function keys block.
In Windows keyboard shortcut Ctrl + Shift + Esc causes the Task Manager.
Tab (read "Table") - a text editor, brings a tab character and working with indents, and graphical interfaces moves the focus between the elements. For example, moving between the desktop, click "Start" panel "Quick Start", the taskbar and system tray.
Action AppsKey keys equivalent to clicking the right mouse button and a context menu
for the selected object.
newline key Enter (Enter) - used to enter a line feed when typing, select the menu item, feeding on the team performance or confirmation of an action, and so on.
Backspace (read "Bekspeys") - in text editing mode, deletes the character to the left of the cursor, and the area is a set of text - returns to the previous screen of the program or Web page in the browser.
Delete (read "Splits") - removes the selected object, the selected text
or character right of the insertion point.
Insert key (read "The insert") is used to switch between the insert mode (the text as it is expanded) and replacement (new signs replace existing text) when editing text.
Keyboard shortcut Ctrl + Insert replaces the command "Copy", and the Shift + Insert- «paste». In the file manager Total Commander and FAR Manager key is used to select a file or a folder.
PrtScn (print screen) (read "print screen") - makes a screenshot and places it in the clipboard. In combination with the Alt key picture copied to clipboard
the currently active window.
Service keys ScrLk (Scroll Lock) (read "Scroll Lock") block the scroll and its activation of the cursor keys moves the contents of the entire screen, which is useful when editing large tables, for example, in Excel.
Pause / Break (read "Pause" or "Break") - stops the computer. In modern operating systems, this key is only valid at the time of booting the computer.
Arrows up, down, left and right refer to the cursor keys and allow you to navigate through the menu, shift the cursor to input in the appropriate direction by one position. In combination with the Ctrl key arrows move a greater distance. For example, in the editor Microsoft Word Ctrl + ← moves the cursor on the word to the left.
With the Shift key to select text block.
Home and End keys to move the cursor to the beginning or end of the current line or document file list.
PageUp and PageDown keys are used to move the cursor one page up or down and used to "scroll" contents in the current window.
Those who are engaged in the business have to dial a lot of numbers, prefer keys numeric keypad, as it is similar in form and content calculator and is
at the right hand of the user.
When Num Lock key is off (LED is off) key on the numeric keypad will control the cursor.
Many modern computer keyboards are supplied with additional keys, designed to simplify the management of the basic functions of a computer, for example, sound volume, in the drive tray for CDs,
computer networking capabilities (open the e-mail program, browser or search engine) and so on. Since many of these additional features relate to the field of multimedia, the keyboard
It is called "media."
To activate the special features on laptops use Fn key. In conjunction with this key, some keys, painted in the same color, can increase or decrease the volume of the built-in laptop speakers, increase or decrease the brightness or contrast of the monitor, activate the external display for presentations, etc ....
Good luck to you in this difficult science!
Hot keys, according to experienced users, greatly accelerate the work on the computer and increase the number of possible actions to be performed on the keyboard. They are also called shortcut keys or keyboard accelerators. In addition, they are required when the computer freezes or unexpected failure of the mouse. In the latter case, using only one keyboard, you can save an incomplete document, send it to print, fold or open the desired program.
In various programs the producers charge different keyboard shortcuts, but always it needs to hold a modifier key plus any other key. In today's Windows-keyboard modifier keys are Ctrl, Alt, Shift key and Win (Windows logo on it). To access some of the tasks you need to clamp the same time, several of these keys.
What keyboard shortcuts useful to know
Keyboard shortcut Ctrl + Shift + Esc is indispensable when the computer freezes, it causes a "Task Manager", with which you can complete the process and remove a task or shut down the computer.
Keys Alt + Tab to switch between open windows. In the center of the screen there is a panel with all open applications, and the choice of the active window is necessary, hold the Alt key, repeatedly press the Tab key.
The combination Alt + Space (space) opens the system menu box, with which you can restore, move, maximize, minimize and close the window without using a mouse.
Alt + Shift or Ctrl + Shift - switch the keyboard layout.
With Win + the D can minimize all windows and show the desktop, and the keys Win + M minimizes all windows except the dialog.
Win + E opens the folder "My Computer".
Win + F - opens a window to search for a file or a folder.
Ctrl + Esc - opening "Start" menu. This can also be done by pressing the Windows key.
Sometimes it may happen that while the mouse is down. In this case, as well as for those who fundamentally does not want to use a mouse, comes to the aid of the key Alt. In the menu of many programs, including the old Word, underlined letters in the menu bar: File, Edit, Format, Tools, etc. The same is true in the drop-down menu. Printing, Scale, Parameters, etc. If you press the Alt key and the underlined letter, then, when the drop-down menu, repeat the action, it is possible to work calmly, using only a keyboard.
Keyboard shortcuts in the browser
To increase or decrease the zoom, enough to hold down the Ctrl key and rotate the mouse wheel. Up - scale increase, down - respectively, decrease. Same You can do by simply pressing the + or - while holding down Ctrl. To restore the font size is the combination of Ctr + 0 keys.
And the use of the Shift key and the mouse wheel allows you to navigate through the history of the tabs: Shift - scroll wheel up - move forward in history, Shift - scroll wheel down - go back in history.
If your browser is necessary to open a new page in a separate tab, you can hold down the Ctrl key and click the mouse on the appropriate link. A new page will open in a separate tab.
Alt + Home keys return to the home page, and Ctrl + R (or F5) to refresh the page. To force an update without using cached data, press the keys Ctrl + F5 or Ctrl + Shift + R.
Pressing the keys Ctrl + S, you can save the page on your computer, and Ctrl + P keys allows you to print the desired page. Keyboard shortcuts Ctrl + G, Ctrl + F, Shift + F3, Ctrl + K are designed to search the current page or on the Internet.
Use the Alt key and characters are not found on the keyboard.
Jokingly use the keyboard shortcuts in Word
If you type in 2003 Word'e the following expression: = rand (200,1) and press Enter, then suddenly appears a few pages of soft French rolls with tea. If you do it in Word-2007 or 2010 instead of French loaves will talk about some of the secrets of Word.