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1927 Crimean earthquakes |
On the night of 11 on September 12, 1927 was the largest in the entire history of the peninsula earthquake. For 11 hours was 27 strong aftershocks. The epicenter was in the sea not far from Yalta. According to some sources, it reached a magnitude 9 on the Richter scale. Hardest-hit coastal towns and villages. Damaged 70% of the buildings of the city of Yalta. And half of the residents of the Big Yalta (about 17 thousand) due to the natural disaster left homeless. Some villages were completely destroyed. For example, in Partenit turned into ruins all 64 township building. Demerdzhi village located under the same mountain - was completely buried under a pile of stones. Damaged were the famous historical and cultural monuments. Among them - the Genoese tower in Sudak, Vorontsov Palace in Alupka Yalta and the famous "Swallow" ....
general view of the castle "Swallow's Nest" after the earthquake (September, 1927)
close-up of the castle tower after the earthquake
The victims of the Crimean earthquake began 16 people have been injured 830-. However, there were many more victims. Immediately after the events of September the USSR People's Commissariat of the Crimea has sent a special commission to study the impact of earthquakes on human psyche. The fact that people from the horror lost their minds in the direct sense of the word.
It awakened in the night by powerful shocks, accompanied by howling dogs, underground rumble, flashes of light, a crunch of broken walls, many in panic jumped out of the windows - and the second, and the third floor. Others, however, numb and could not move, others were laughing hysterically. How then wrote the local newspaper, "it was noted few suicides of fright." For instance, in Ai-Danil one worker hanged himself in a panic after the first shock. In Alupka woman died of a heart attack.
Damage to the economy of the Crimean Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic was estimated at 40-50 million rubles. But by the next holiday season in 1928, the road, motels, hotels and museums Southshore were again ready to receive travelers.
However, a devastating earthquake has caused significant damage to the image of the resort as a safe resting place. In the accounting documents of the Soviet tourist organizations in 1928 it was stated "the overall decrease in travel to the Crimea" (about 35% in comparison with previous years).
It is interesting to note that in the history of local earthquakes, that this catastrophe has left a great mark on the culture. For example, one of the elements of the witnesses was an outstanding Russian artist Kuzma Petrov-Vodkin. And with this event, he took as ... ..redkuyu luck. The fact is that the innovator is extremely interested in everything that is connected with natural disasters, and with the movement of the earth's crust. In Crimea, the artist remained until October 10. A few months later he finished the painting "The earthquake in the Crimea", he wrote, we can say with nature.
Natural disasters experienced in the Crimea and the heroes of the novel by I. Ilf and E. Petrov "The Twelve Chairs":
... The chair of itself jumped to the side and suddenly, in front of astonished concessionaires, fell through the floor.
- Mama! - Shouted Vorobyaninov, flying away to the wall, although he had no desire to do so. With the sound of glass popped up, and umbrella taken up by a whirlwind, flew out of the window to the sea.
Ostap lying on the floor, easily crushed by plywood boards. There were twelve hours and fourteen minutes.
It was the first big hit of the Crimean earthquake in 1927. There were twelve hours and fourteen minutes. It was the first big hit of the Crimean earthquake in 1927. Beat in nine points, has caused untold misery all over the peninsula, the treasure wrested from the hands of concessionaires.
- Comrade Bender! What it is? - Vorobyaninov cried in horror.
Ostap was beside himself. Earthquake, became in his way! It was the only time in his rich practice.
From the novel by I. Ilf and Petrov's "The Twelve Chairs" "...