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Figs - a very healthy fruit. In our country, it is almost not growing, it is because of us that he almost did not sign. I'm sure many of you are past it, modestly reclining on store shelves, but in vain.
Medics proved that figs - a repository of medicinal and useful properties. This fruit is brought to us from Uzbekistan, Turkey, Armenia and China. Wild figs has one plant two types of inflorescences. Some inflorescences are male stamens and female flowers korotkostolbikovye that originate only kaprifigi inedible - they are smaller in size and always solid. And the other part of the inflorescence forms dlinnostolbikovye only female flowers, including some developing and juicy, meaty, useful seedheads - figs.
During the growth of figs blooms several times. During this period, from spring to late autumn, inedible kaprifigi formed several times, and the edible seed heads ripen only in summer and autumn.
For the sake of juicy, honey, mineral fruit, figs are grown culture with a large number of women's aggregate fruits, which are able to be formed without the participation of male plants. Ripe fruit is round or pear-shaped, and the flesh is filled with very small and numerous seeds - nuts.
The composition of the figs.
Fresh fig stems are full of sugars, organic acids. Some grades contain up to 71% sugar. This glucose, levulose, sucrose, and slightly fewer arabinose sedogentuloza and mannoheptulose. The main acid in the fruit - lemon. In the mature figs also found glyceric acid. Carotene it contains little, but a lot of pectin, iron and copper.
Useful properties of figs.
If you are tired or hungry, the figs certainly will help you, return the energy and vigor, eliminates the feeling of hunger. Figs causes thirst. The soldiers of Alexander the Great always took a hike this natural treasure, figs regained their strength after the battle. Many sincerely believe figs perfect creation of nature. With his help treat poisoning, as a fig normalizes the stomach, stimulates the liver and kidneys.
Also, figs useful for angina, it is brewed with hot milk, he is able to get rid of a sore throat, cough and acts as an antipyretic.
* If you have lost his voice, boil two cups of milk five stuff figs, evaporated to half the milk. Drink this broth for a quarter cup, several times per day.
* If you have a dry cough, should be in one glass of milk steamed four fresh, ripe figs, then grind them and take in the form of heat for half a cup three times a day.
It is recommended to use figs with predisposition to thrombosis, tachycardia, as well as people suffering from anemia and cardiovascular diseases. Figs help at an elevated heartbeat and bronchial asthma.
Useful figs abundance of potassium, a lack of which in the body develop an abnormality in skeletal and cardiac muscle. And acute potassium deficiency can cause acute neuralgia. Very useful availability of iron in figs. Syrup of figs wonderful laxative. Figs lowers cholesterol. To speed the healing of minor wounds, abscesses and tumors softening, use a paste of figs fruit. Because of these beneficial properties, Japanese scientists have proposed anticancer agent of figs fruit. Essential oil extracted from its leaves, is bactericidal, softening and anti-inflammatory effect.
figs Energy value of three hundred calories per hundred grams.
Harm and contraindications.
Fresh figs almost no side properties, its use can cause harm only in rare cases. The fruit is contraindicated only in diabetes, acute gastro-intestinal diseases, and gout.
All other contraindications related to the use of dried figs, and this is due mainly to the high sugar content.
How to Choose figs?
Fresh, really tasty and ripe figs are hard to find. The stores usually sell very old, stale figs. There is such a bad figs. Useful figs should be dense, without dents, but a little to give in to pressure.
How to cut the figs?
To begin, thoroughly wash the fruit in warm water. The pulp of figs quite sticky before you cut the fruit, hold it in the refrigerator for about an hour, it will become less sticky. Using a knife, dip the blade in hot water.
The taste of the flesh varies from fig fruit maturity - from the sour-sweet to cloying. If a separate fruit did not like - do not eat it, good for 10 "inzhirin", be sure to come across a broken one. The more seeds in the fruits of figs - so it tastes better. More benefits of figs, eaten on an empty stomach!
How to store figs?
Figs - a perishable product, it should not be stored, it is best to eat fresh fruit as soon as possible. But if necessary, it can be kept in the refrigerator, but no more than three days.
The fruits of a ripe fig is very delicate and can not tolerate transportation, so we meet in the sale of figs as a dried fruit.
And today we went to the nursery and brought out pretty inzhirovoe tree, which in the next year, I hope, will delight us with the fruits (in June and from August to October, according to the instructions on the landing).