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The Latin name for the flower Passiflora was familiar to me before, but I saw it on a photo (booklet some cosmetics company) recently. "Well it is necessary, what it okazyvaetsya strange and unusual, this passion flower" - then I thought. And this week, a few steps from the park stumbled upon it quite by accident and, of course, could not take a picture : |
Thanks to the internet indispensable learned that in Russian is called the miracle of passion ( "my" refers to the form of the blue passionflower), and the origin of its name interested me so much that I want to share with you :
Passion were among the first flowers of the New World, caught in European gardens. The first known description of passionflower given in 1553 by Pedro Cieza de Leon, describing "Granadilla" that grew in Colombia. Granadilla in Spanish means "little pomegranate." In 1610, the flower Passiflora image fell into the hands of the Italian historian and cleric Giacomo Bosio. Bosio started collecting and other descriptions and images of the flower, being brought by the Mexican Jesuits, and in the same year published a report «Della Trionfante e Gloriosa Croce», in which he described a flower passionflower as a visual embodiment of the sufferings of Christ. Three stigma symbolized the nails that were nailed to the cross of the feet and hands of Christ. External crown symbolized a crown of thorns, stamens - the five wounds. 72 coronary inner corona filaments were taken for the amount of crown of thorns. Spear-shaped leaves have designated peak pierced Christ. A zhelёzki found on the reverse side of the sheet should have mean thirty pieces of silver received by Judas for betraying. This comparison and given great occasion to the name Passiflora plant, from the Latin «passus» - suffering and «flos» - flower, that is passion (English Passion flower.). Later attempts were made to find other religious symbols in the various parts of the plant. But there were people, condemning them as superstition.
Then I noticed in the minds of the flower;
Mysterious - purple and gold,
It was strange, but each petal
Was imbued with the charm of a net.
That night, when the blood of Christ lilasya
(The people have a tradition of it) -
For the first time he has blossomed in the shadow of the cross
And therefore called passion,
As if in a dungeon of the executioner,
It can be seen guns sufferings of Christ:
Everything, from the cross, and whip of ropes,
Before the hammer - with a crown of thorns needles.
The original text (it.)
- Heinrich Heine, Mushka (translation O. Chyuminoy)
Fully ripe fruits of some species (eg, Passiflora caerulea, Passiflora suberosa, Passiflora edulis) suitable for food.
All species in northern climates can be grown as a dekorativnolistvennye Flowering or in rooms, or greenhouses, provided that sufficient lighting and temperature in the winter; True, some of them difficult for beginners, and cultivation of individual species is difficult, even for the amateur kollektsionerv with the experience. More hardy of them, it is Passiflora caerulea, Passiflora incarnata, Passiflora foetida is already in the middle of Europe, and especially in the south (in Russia - Krasnodar Territory, Primorye) can be grown in open ground. The roots of Passiflora caerulea (passion flower blue), for example, carry a short-term drop in temperature to -15 ° C, part of the ground at the same die.
Passionflower herb has many medicinal properties and is used in folk medicine. For example, known as "bat", the Indians in the late XVI century. used for the treatment of liver diseases assiflora sexocellata - from eye diseases; other - as a laxative. Medicinal properties of passion fruit and red meat (Passiflora incarnata) recognized by official medicine (for example, on the basis of its extract is manufactured drugs such as the "New Pass", "Central-B").
http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%A1%D1%82%D1%80%D0%B0%D1%81%D1%82%D0%BE%D1%86%D0%B2%D0 % B5% D1% 82